The Natural Approach to Treat Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome
The new EDS diagnostic criteria
In 2017, new diagnostic criteria were developed and Ehlers-Danlos syndrome was classified into 13 subtypes. While figuring out what subtype is important, an even more crucial matter is making sure that all people affected by the disorder including children, teenagers, and adults are properly diagnosed. EDS is the most common systemic inherited connect disorder in humans! Since its most devastating painful consequence, joint instability can be resolved with Prolotherapy, it is imperative to make the diagnosis early. There are three main reasons why more affected individuals are not diagnosed with EDS:
- Few doctors or health care providers receive any education on EDS.
- Very few doctors or health care providers are experts in joint instability, the actual medical condition that causes most of the symptoms of EDS.
- Almost no doctors or healthcare providers that treat EDS patients are experts on the natural approaches, including Prolotherapy, to resolve the EDS symptoms.
Patients with EDS often have a hard time finding a place where they can get a proper diagnosis and then have a health care team equipped to help them resolve the myriad of symptoms that can accompany this disorder. According to the EDS societies, “What’s important is getting the proper diagnosis and treatment- not the label.” Our Caring Medical team could not agree more. Focusing on the label does not help the patient as much as focusing on finding successful treatment options!
Common signs and symptoms of Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome
Any young person who is hyperflexible, “double-jointed,” can contort their bodies into strange shapes (i.e. voluntary subluxations), or do the splits, may have EDS. Chronic pain is the most prevalent symptom in EDS patients. The results of one study:
- Chronic pain in EDS is highly prevalent and associated with regular use of analgesics (pain pills).
- Pain is more prevalent and more severe in the hypermobility subtype of EDS.
- Pain severity is correlated with hypermobility, dislocations, and previous surgery.
- Pain is correlated with low nocturnal sleep quality.
- Pain contributes to functional impairment in daily life, independent of the level of fatigue.
The authors concluded, “Therefore, the treatment of pain should be a prominent aspect of symptomatic management of EDS.”1 In another comprehensive study on EDS, researchers found that over 90% of EDS patients suffered from chornic pain; eight was the mean number of pain locations; 70% reported continuous pain in the lower extremities, ankles, feet, toes, and hips; 89% of their pain began in childhood or adolescence; 88% were taking or had taken pain medications; and 51% needed narcotics for pain control. These authors concluded, “In summary, our data reveals that individuals with EDS experience frequent and severe pain through much of their lives.”2
Common manifestations of EDS include:
- Joint hypermobility
- Recurring joint dislocations
- Arthralgia (joint pain)
- Skin abnormalities including:
- Significant hyperelasticity (stretchability)
- Thin, transparent skin
- Easy bruising
- Poor wound healing
- Atrophic “cigarette paper” scars
Why early diagnosis is important
EDS is often a progressive disorder, especially when a joint becomes unstable. With smartphone and computer use, certain parts of everyone’s anatomy, especially the neck, are undergoing forces never before seen in human history. Cervical instability, the most disabling of all the instabilities that occur with EDS, can not only cause severe neck pain, dizziness, vertigo, migraine headaches, but also some of the more devasting dysautonomias seen with EDS including POTS (postural orthostatic tachycardia syndrome) and MCAS (mast cell activation syndrome). Since joint instabilities are a progressive disorder, it is imperative that early recognition of these conditions and then appropriate treatments be given that can resolve the instabilities.
When Dr. Ross Hauser joined Dr. Gustav Hemwall in 1993, he quickly saw the devastating effects of untreated EDS but also the remarkable life-transforming effects of Prolotherapy. When the joint instabilities from EDS are not treated appropriately, they progress to the point of significant disability, including an inability to walk and do simple activities of daily living (caring for oneself). On the other hand, he saw how Dr. Hemwall’s Prolotherapy treatment had literally helped EDS patients out of wheelchairs and regain their independence. In 1995, when Dr. Ross Hauser and Marion Hauser wrote the book Prolo Your Pain Away! They included a section on Ehlers-Danlos syndrome. The fourth edition of the book has a whole chapter entitled “Connective Tissue Deficiency Conditions.”
Joint instability simplified
The easiest way to understand how EDS disables a person is to consider joint instability like two cabinet doors that are hitting at the center. This occurs because the hinge(s) on one of the doors is loose. The only curative solution is to get a screwdriver and tighten the screws in order to secure the hinge. Otherwise, with continued use, it will sublux or loosen more, and damage the cabinet doors even further. Moving a door with a loose hinge, thus, loosens it even more.
When a person with EDS has an unstable elbow and continues to use the elbow, not only does that joint become more unstable but, eventually, it will cause the wrist and shoulder to become unstable. Joint instability means the ligaments holding the adjacent bones are too weak or injured to do it, so the bones move excessively (sublux), compress local nerves, and injure not only the intrinsic structures of the joint (such as the cartilage) but all the structures around the joint (including ligaments and tendons). To stop the process, Prolotherapy needs to be started. It is the only treatment designed to stimulate the repair of all the injured structures, not only in the primary joint affected but also in the adjacent joints. Surgery for joint instability is often not successful in EDS because seldom is just one joint involved, and the connective tissue in EDS is not normal which is necessary to have more optimal surgical outcomes!
Diagnosing Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome, including subtype
It is well recognized that up to 5% of the general population has a genetic form of joint hypermobility, it is likely a high percentage of these people actually has EDS.3,4 There are currently few places where people can go to get the diagnosis of EDS, as so few physicians and health care providers are trained on the disorder, let alone knowledgeable about the new criteria. Caring Medical clinicians can make the diagnosis for patients as well as treat the resulting symptoms with natural approaches, including Prolotherapy, to potentially resolve the symptoms, versus manage them.
Since 80-90% of EDS patients have the hypermobility subtype (hEDS), the Beighton Score is the criterion to document generalized joint hypermobility by physical examination.
A positive Beighton score for adults is 5 out of 9 possible points; for children, a positive score is at least 6 out of 9 points. Of interest, positive physical examination findings are coupled with positive answers to specific questions to meet the new criteria of hEDS:
- Can you now, or could you ever touch your hands flat on the floor without bending your knees?
- Can you now or could you ever bend your thumb to touch your forearm?
- As a child, could you amuse your friends by contorting your body into strange shapes or could you do the splits?
- As a child or teenager, did your shoulder or kneecap dislocate on more than one occasion?
- Do you consider yourself “double jointed?”
- Is your skin hyperextensible?
- Is your arm span-to-height ratio > 05?
- Did you have a close family member (first-degree relative) that meets the current criteria for hypermobility EDS?
- Do you have musculoskeletal pain in 2 or more limbs, recurring daily for at least 3 months?
- Have you suffered from widespread pain for > 3 months?
- Do you have recurrent joint dislocations or frank joint instability, in the absence of trauma?
Common Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome manifestations
Currently, common EDS multi-system manifestations such as POTS (postural orthostatic tachycardia syndrome), GI (gastrointestinal, malabsorption, and others), and MCAS (mast cell activation syndrome) are not part of the hEDS criterion, though it well recognized that these conditions can occur. Caring Medical is one of the main centers helping to prove that the cervical instability component of hEDS is the main culprit for these conditions.
While there is no genetic test for hEDS, there are genetic tests for some of the other 12 EDS subtypes. But even in those cases, the main criteria to make the EDS diagnosis are on based symptoms and physical examination. Some of the other EDS subtypes include Classical EDS, classical-like, cardiac-valvular, vascular, arthrochalsia, musculocontractural and others. In some instances, even when a person meets all of the criteria for hEDS and the diagnosis is made it may be appropriate to do genetic testing and echocardiograms of the heart because of the high prevalence of multisystem manifestations of symptoms including orthostatic intolerance from autonomic dysfunction, heart conduction abnormalities, and structural heart issues documented by echocardiographic.5,6,7
Resolving the most common symptoms of Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome: A natural approach
EDS manifestations, especially joint instability, if not addressed early can lead to progressive daily disabling pain.8, 9 While no cure has yet has been found for the underlying collagen defect that leads to the various subtypes of EDS, the joint instability, joint dislocations, subluxations, progressive joint degeneration and disabling pain can be successfully treated with Prolotherapy.9 Since 1993, Caring Medical has been utilizing Prolotherapy in the treatment of the joint instabilities, dislocations, subluxations and degeneration in its EDS patients successfully. Caring Medical has some patients who have not had joint subluxations or dislocations in over 10 years since their last Prolotherapy session for that joint! Most people are not aware that the ligament laxity caused by the EDS and injury causes destructive joint forces to occur. If left unchecked, the progressive joint deterioration with it!
To stop the joint degeneration, the ligaments need to be tightened and the joint stabilized. Prolotherapy injections to the areas where the ligaments attach to the bone (fibro-osseous junction) accomplish this.9-13 Prolotherapy initiates the normal wound healing cascade to start the ligament and joint repair process.
Each Prolotherapy treatment builds upon itself, causing ligaments to tighten and joints to stabilize. Prolotherapy treatments are continued until a person is back to full activities, with zero or minimal symptoms, and the joint stabilized. The estimated number of visits is discussed at the first visit, based on the physical exam and medical history findings.
2. Multisystem Disorders and Symptoms
The most important and serious of the joint instabilities caused by EDS to recognize in our opinion is cervical (neck) instability. Most people with EDS are unaware that cervical instability can negatively affect the body by blocking cerebrospinal fluid flow, impinge on the vertebral artery, disrupt vagus nerve input and output, hamper the body’s ability to have moment-to-moment accurate control of blood pressure and a host of other harmful effects.
Besides POTS and MCAS, cervical instability can cause a host of “diagnoses,” syndromes and symptoms.
Caring Medical desires to get to the root cause of the EDS symptoms, not just manage them. While there are times that a patient will need some hormone to increase blood pressure affected by POTS, Caring Medical practitioners use a holistic natural approach to healing as much as possible. This is especially important for children and teenagers who are in the growing phase of life. The human body has a tremendous capacity to regenerate and heal itself when given the right food, nutrients, emotional status (peaceful, joyful) and safety (caring, loving, environment).
Can joint instability in hEDS be objectively measured?
Joint instabilities can be objectively documented with motion ultrasound and digital imaging (fluoroscopy). Peripheral joints are typically examined under ultrasound and the amount of joint instability recorded, measured and documented.
As the patient is treated with Prolotherapy, the improvement in the joint stability can also be objectively measured. Treatment is normally continued until joint stability has been restored.
Joint instability in the spine is documented through digital motion imaging (fluoroscopy). Typically when a patient is scanned on the first visit, instabilities at multiple levels are found.
This information is key because it helps in treatment by:
- Documenting where the instabilities are located.
- Verifying if a patient is a Prolotherapy candidate (versus a surgical candidate).
- Establishing the severity of the instability.
- Demonstrating the instability to the patient, their family, and their health providers.
- Assisting in key decision making including whether the instability is so severe that bracing or curbing of certain activities is necessary.
- Validating that the Prolotherapy treatments are working as the patient is re-scanned (mini-scan) after every two visits.
- Confirming joint stabilization so the patient can be discharged.
Joint instability can be objectively measured and treatment efficacy validated. These are key components of the Prolotherapy regimen at Caring Medical.
Our specialists would love to help you relieve pain and improve your joint stability, whether you need an official evaluation for EDS and diagnosis, or if you have already been to 10+ providers, and want to see if you are a good candidate for Prolotherapy.
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10Hackett G. Joint stabilization: an experimental, histologic study with comments on the clinical application in ligament proliferation. American Journal of Surgery. 1955;89:968-973.
11Hauser RA, Hauser MA. Prolo Your Pain Away! Curing Chronic Pain with Prolotherapy.4th ed. Caring Medical Regenerative Medicine Clinics, Oak Park, 2017.
12Steilen D, Hauser RWoldin B, Sawyer S. Chronic neck pain: making the connection between capsular ligament laxity and cervical instability. Open Orthopedic Journal. 2014; 1:326-45.
13Hauser RA, Blakemore PJ, Wang J, Steilen D. Structural basis of joint instability as cause and its successful treatment with regenerative injection therapy (Prolotherapy). The Open Pain Journal. 2014;7:9-22.